Nipah virus infection (NVI)

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Headache 
  • Shortness of breath
  • Disorientatin and mental confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Coma (symptoms can progress into coma over the next 24-48 hours)


Tests to diagnose: 


  • Laboratory diagnosis of NVI is made using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) from throat swabs, cerebrospinal fluid, urine and blood analysis during acute and convalescent stages of the disease.
  •  IgG and IgM antibody detection can be done after recovery to confirm Nipah virus infection.
  • Immunohistochemistry on tissues collected during autopsy also confirms the disease.
  • Viral RNA can be isolated from the saliva of infected persons.
  • Currently there is no effective treatment for Nipah virus infection.
  • The treatment is limited to supportive care. 
  • It is important to practice standard infection control practices and proper barrier nursing techniques to avoid the spread of the infection from person to person.