Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)


Difficulty in breathing, low blood pressure and organ failure, rapid breathing and shortness of breath are some of the symptoms of ARDS.

Tests to diagnose: 

ARDS can be diagnosed by arterial blood gas test, Bronchoscopy, Blood tests, including CBC and blood chemistries and chest x-ray. An echocardiogram or Swan-Ganz catheterization may be needed to rule out congestive heart failure, which can look similar to ARDS on a chest x-ray.


The first goal in treating ARDS is to improve the levels of oxygen in your blood. Without oxygen, your organs can't function properly. For milder symptoms or as a temporary measure, oxygen may be delivered through a mask that fits tightly over your nose and mouth. Most people with ARDS will need the help of a machine to breathe. A mechanical ventilator pushes air into your lungs and forces some of the fluid out of the air sacs.

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