Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD)


KFD is transmitted by a virus, referred to as the KFDV. Transmission of the infection to humans occurs after a tick bite or when there is contact with an infected animal. Person-to-person transmission has not been seen. The fatality rate lies somewhere between 3 to 5%.

  • Chills, fever and headache
  • Severe muscle pain 
  • Vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms 
  • Bleeding problems 
  • Abnormally low blood pressure
  • Low platelet, red blood cell and white blood cell counts
Tests to diagnose: 
  • Virus isolation from the blood sample 
  • Serologic testing using ELISA
  • Molecular detection using PCR 
  • Formalin-inactivated KFDV vaccine
  • Antipyretics, analgesics, supportive therapy