Health and Lifestyle

Health - state of being associated with freedom from disease and illness.


Wellness - the positive component of health; sense of well-being; multidimensional

The Continuum of improving health:
Disease/Illness ⇒ Wellness
Disease Treatment ⇒ Disease Prevention ⇒ Health Promotion

Health & Wellness are multi-dimensional

How do we achieve wellness ?

  • Wellness is the product of healthy lifestyles just like fitness is the product of regular exercise
  • Wellness reflects how one feels about life as well as one’s ability to function effectively

What is a healthy lifestyle ?

  • What is a healthy lifestyle ?
  • Regular physical activity
  • Eating well
  • Low intake of fruits and vegetables = increased risk of heart disease
  • Healthy body weight
  • Measure your Body Mass Index (BMI) – High BMI => Greater risk of illness
  • Avoid tobacco / drug use
  • Cigarette smoking = increased risk of lung cancer
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • No more than 60 ml Alcohol in a session of drinking and no more than two sessions a week!
  • Managing stress
  • Avoiding destructive habits
  • Practising safe sex
  • Adopting good safety habits
  • Protect yourself from disease and injury
  • Learning first aid
  • Adopting good personal health habits
  • Seeking and complying with medical advice
  • Being an informed consumer
  • Protecting the environment

Very Few healthy behaviors =>increased risk of heart disease

Physical activity is a priority lifestyle that impacts health, wellness, & fitness

  • Effective work
  • Good health
  • Face emergencies
  • Enjoyable leisure
  • Value of fitness
    • Look good
    • Feel good
    • Enjoy life
    • Be healthy

Remember More time watching TV = increased risk of obesity and diabetes!!

Value of Fitness Assessment

  • Indicate areas needed for improvement in health, fitness, or performance
  • Provide baseline marker to track progress in exercise programs
  • Promote personal knowledge about skills and abilities

Evolving health landscape

  • Infectious diseases, caused by invading microorganisms, were the leading causes of death a century ago
  • Chronic diseases, caused by a variety of lifestyle and other factors, are the leading causes of death today

Leading Causes of Death Overall from which we must protect ourselves

  • Heart disease
  • Cancer
  • Stroke
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases (emphysema, chronic bronchitis
  • Unintentional injuries (accidents)
  • Diabetes

Leading Causes of Death by Age

Ages 15–24

Unintentional injuries Homicide Suicide Cancer Heart disease Congenital defects HIV/AIDS

Ages 25–44

Unintentional injuries Cancer Heart disease Suicide HIV/AIDS Homicide Chronic liver disease

The Role of Other Factors in Wellness which are usually not in your control!

  • Heredity
  • Environment
  • Health care

Major goals of Healthy People

  • Increase quality and years of healthy life

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