The DAE officials said farmers have already completed sowing of groundnut seeds on over 9,000 hectares of land till Monday as the process continues in full swing amid excellent climatic conditions across the division. The present study is in agreement with this finding as the combined use of P and inoculants increased yields of the test groundnut varieties. The study observed a positive interaction between the rhizobium strains and P fertilizer. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). World production of peanuts was approximately 45 million metric tons in 2017, with China being the world s largest producer. Inoculation of legumes with rhizobia generally triggers plant growth, development and yield and it is normally used as a substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer which is often costly [3]. It has been established that application of P fertilizer stimulates node and pod formation in legumes [18] so the 30 kg P ha−1 may have caused this increase via increased pod node formation. Specifically, the study was to determine the appropriate rhizobium strain to enhance nodulation, growth and grain yield of groundnut, to determine whether the response of groundnut to the rhizobium strains is variety-dependent and also to investigate the interactive effects of inoculation and phosphorus application on the above responses of the groundnut varieties. Senior Coordinator (Agriculture and Environment) of RDRS Bangladesh Agriculturist Mamunur Rashid said farmers can earn Tk 40,000 by producing 24 to 27 mounds of groundnut per acre of land spending Tk 20,000 as farming costs per acre. “More than 15,000 farmers have achieved self-reliance by cultivating groundnut during the Rabi and Kharif seasons every year with assistance of the DAE in Rangpur division in the last 12 years,” Rashid added. There is therefore, the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) efficiently and judiciously use P fertilizers to enhance groundnut production. In 2017/2018, it produced approximately 18.5 million metric tons of the nuts or 41% of the total world’s production and exported about 7%, consuming the rest. The Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) has fixed a record target of producing 35,397 tons of groundnut from 17,7930 hectares of land for all eight districts in Rangpur division during the current Rabi season. The results agree with the findings of [16] who reported that inoculating soybean with rhizobium produced a higher nodule dry weight than the uninoculated soybean variety. Inoculation of Oboshie and Obolo with BR 3267 reduced the days to 50% flowering by 16% in these varieties compared to the uninoculated plants (Table 2). “The DAE has fixed targets of producing 12,168 tons of groundnut from 6,160 hectares of land for Rangpur agriculture region and 23,129 tons from 11,570 hectares for Dinajpur agriculture region in the division this time,” Moniruzzaman added. The interactive effects of variety and inoculant and that of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant () but the interaction of all the three factors was not significant (). Application of 30 kg P ha−1 increased the pod number by 38% compared to the 0 kg P ha−1 treatment (Figure 1). Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. “We are selling groundnut to the retailers at rates between Tk 3,600 and Tk 4,000 per maund depending on varieties and qualities, after purchasing those from farmers and local markets,” he added. The seed weights of both Obolo and Oboshie were respectively approximately twice that of Samnut 22 (Figure 4). The three groundnut varieties responded differently to the application of the inoculant strains. India, Nigeria, and the United States followed with about 6.8, 3, and 2.5 million metric tons each. The application of rhizobium inoculants and P fertilizer had great influence on all the three groundnut varieties as most of the variables measured were influenced by these treatments. The uninoculated unfertilized (0 kg P ha−1) plots produced the lowest yield of 1074 kg ha−1 (Figure 3). In this study, only the 100-seed weight of Obolo was able to match with its passport weight data. The mixture was then dried under shade for about 30 minutes after which the inoculated seeds were sown. Estimates. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. Combined application of each of BR 3267 and USDA 3456 with 30 kg P ha−1 gave the highest nodule dry weight in relation to the uninoculated varieties. The combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 produced the highest nodule number of 69 in Oboshie which was statistically similar to the nodule number produced by Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). The production of peanut in the country contributes significantly to the economy. The study found out that all the three groundnut varieties responded differently to both the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer applied. The percent moisture content of the sub-sample and the field weight of the bulk haulm were used to calculate the dry weight of the bulk haulm. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 … The variety main effect was significant () in terms of seed weight. The soil samples were analysed for the following parameters: pH (H2O/soil 2 : 1), organic carbon (Walkley–Black), total N (Kjeldahl distillation), CEC (NH4OAc), available phosphorus (Bray-I), exchangeable K (NH4OAc), bulk density (3 × 100 cm3 metal cans per profile depth and replication) and particle size distribution (hydrometric method) [10, 11] (Table 1). Explore the archive of production & price information of Peanut, and identify your top Peanut supplier candidates. After removing the pods from the plants harvested from the four inner rows, the leaves and the roots were removed from the plants and the remaining stuff was weighed and recorded as field weight. Going above 30 kg P ha−1 would probably not be economically viable for the groundnut farmers in the study area. Michael Asante, Benjamin Dzorgbenyui Kofi Ahiabor, Williams K. Atakora, "Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Combined Application of Rhizobium Inoculant and Phosphorus in the Guinea Savanna Zone of Ghana", International Journal of Agronomy, vol. The combined use of inoculants and P fertilizers usually enhances nitrogen uptake by plants and this nitrogen helps in the vegetative growth of the plant which might have contributed to the higher haulm yield obtained in this study. Influence of rhizobium inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on days to 50% flowering and nodule dry weight of three groundnut varieties. Farmers are expanding groundnut farming every year after getting repeated bumper production and lucrative market prices in the last 12 years. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Also, [8] observed that combined application of phosphorus at 45 kg P ha−1 plus rhizobium inoculants increased nodulation by 56% and recorded significant higher soybean grain yields. All other parts of the plant are used as animal feed [1]. Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (, CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. This is almost 21 per cent higher as compared to the previous year’s estimated production of 45.03 lt. However, there were no significant effects () with regard to P main effect, inoculant main effect and their interactions. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana, N. Ahmad, M. Rahim, and U. Khan, “Evaluation of different varieties, seed rates and row spacing of groundnut, planted under agro-ecological conditions of Malakand division,”, M. M. Buri, R. N. Iassaka, F. Hedeto, and W. Toshiyuki, “Comparison of soil nutrient status of some rice growing environments in the major agro-ecological zones of Ghana,”, E. V. Tairo and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Possible benefits of rhizobial inoculation and phosphorus supplementation on nutrition, growth and economic sustainability in grain legumes,”, J. Kevin Vessey, “Benefits of inoculating legume crops with rhizobia in the northern Great Plains,”, G. Nadia, “Influence of molybdenum on groundnut production under different nitrogen levels,”, M. N. Uma and G. Sathiyavani, “Solubilization of phosphate by, G. W. Mmbaga, K. M. Mtei, and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Extrapolations on the use of rhizobium inoculants supplemented with phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on growth and nutrition of legumes,”, B. Ahiabor, S. Lamptey, S. Yeboah, and V. Bahari, “Application of phosphorus fertilizer on soybean [(, M. A. Alua, K. Peprah, and G. T. W. Achana, “Climate change implications for crop farming in Ghana’s semi-arid Guinea Savanna,”. Maximum increase in the area has been noted in the decade of 1950-51 and 1960-61 (43.8 percent) while the decade 1980-81 […] Their work further revealed that combined application of 45 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculant was more profitable than the application of only 45 kg P ha−1. In other parts of the world they are boiled, either in the shell or unshelled. 2020, Article ID 8691757, 7 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. groundnut production Higher mandi prices for kharif crop, likely bumper rabi harvest spell gains for farmers: Crisil Research In crop year 2018-19, farm profits jumped 26% on-year over a low base of the preceding year (2017-18), which had seen per-hectare profits decline due to low mandi prices following a bumper crop. During the last Rabi season, farmers cultivated groundnut on 17,777 hectares of land and produced a record quantity of 33,607 tons of groundnut in the division. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. Interaction of variety, inoculant and phosphorus was significant at . Thus there should be about 2.6 to 2.8 g of groundnut protein available per capita per day in Groundnut is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria, West Africa in large quantities compared to other regions of the country. Assuming the level of production of 34 million Mt of groundnut in year 2000, there would be about 6.26 million metric tonnes of groundnut proteins (after correcting for the kernel yield). The main plot treatments were three groundnut varieties, namely Samnut 22, Obolo and Oboshie. Nigeria accounts for cassava production of up to 20 per cent of the world, about 34 per cent of Africa’s and about 46 per cent of West Africa’s. Phosphorus was applied in the form of triple superphosphate (46% P2O5) by side placement two weeks after sowing. depending on the seeding type, peanuts grow between 90 and 120 days. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% compared to the uninoculated treatments with Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1 when the inoculation was with BR 3267 (Figure 2). Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. Research work by [7] reveals that legumes inoculated with rhizobium in addition to phosphorus fertilizer respond differently in terms of growth, yield and nitrogen fixation. Five plants were selected from each of the rows next to the two border rows giving a total of 10 plants. This monthly report includes information on U.S. and global imports of dairy products, including maximum quantities that can be imported under tariff-rate quota licensing. The data will be made available upon request via mkasante08@yahoo.co.uk. Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, nodule number, nodule dry weight, pod load, pod yield, haulm weight and seed size (as 100-seed weight). Despite the numerous benefits rhizobium inoculation brings to crop plants and agricultural soils, it is faced with unfavourable factors such as erratic rainfall, soil temperature and low-soil pH. However, the rhizobium is host-specific as certain species can only infect specific legumes. The data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using GENSTAT (12th Edition) [12] and the means were separated with the least significant difference (LSD) approach at . The groundnut seeds were sown on 26th June, 2016 at a spacing of 50 × 20 cm under rain-fed conditions and one plant was maintained per hill. India is the second largest producer of groundnuts in the world. State Level; Horticulture Crops for 2018-19 (Final) ... CWWG Data as on 06.11.2020 : Download (16.4 MB) In order to obtain this, a 4 m2 area was marked in the middle of the plot and the progress of flowering was monitored till the date on which half of the number of plants within this area flowered and this date was recorded. Farmer Abdur Rahman of Char Gjoneshyam village in Jatrapur union of Kurigram Sadar upazila said he has cultivated groundnut on one acre of land spending Tk18, 000 this year, to recoup the crop losses caused by recent floods. Customers often buy the Java (white round shape) for hand to mouth consumption while the peanut butter factories choose bold & Tj depending on the process. At the end of fiscal year 2019, India produced more than six million metric tons of groundnut. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. The groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined applications of each of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of nodule number. With the consistently increasing demand of groundnut in the food industries and export of the products abroad, farmers are showing keen interests in enhancing groundnut cultivation on main lands and char areas to reap more benefits than other crops. More than 25% of the groundnut area harvested in the world is in India followed by 20% in China. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively compared to their uninoculated counterparts. The field was previously planted to maize for three years. Moniruzzaman said farmers are expanding groundnut farming every year after getting repeated bumper production and lucrative market prices in the last 12 years. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculation increased the groundnut yield by 64 to 68%. The combined application of the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer increased the nodule dry weight by about 145% over the uninoculated (control) plot. This notwithstanding, [6] reported that P is a limiting factor in plant nutrition as a result of the deficit of available soluble phosphate in the soil. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. Peanut is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) tall. for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. The current findings agree with the observation of [17] that inoculating soybean with B. japonicum combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha−1 increased the mean nodule dry weight per plant compared to the uninoculated treatment. December 18, 2020. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. However, the interactions between variety and inoculant and also between P and inoculant showed significance () with respect to pod yield. Grasses with scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the soil in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol. BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). The pod yield of Samnut 22 was higher than that of Obolo and Oboshie though BR 3267 produced the highest yield in all the three varieties. Acting Additional Director of the DAE for Rangpur region Agriculturist Md. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important grain legume produced in northern Ghana. The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. Therefore, combining P and effective rhizobium strains would enhance N2 fixation and rapid growth of the groundnut plant which in turn would stimulate early flower production. Peanut oil: global production volume 2012/13-2019/20 Published by M. Shahbandeh, May 19, 2020 This statistic shows the production volume of peanut oil worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. Phosphorus application also had a great influence on the number of pods produced by the groundnut varieties . Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Map of countries colored by their peanut production. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively over their respective uninoculated plots. 2A Media Limited. Each crop variety released has its own attributes and genetic make-up that the breeders focus on when developing it. There was no interaction between the three factors, namely groundnut variety, phosphorus and inoculant on pod yield. The authors acknowledge MarketPlace Project and AGRA Inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support for the research materials used in this experiment. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. READ ALSO: High yielding groundnut variety give farmers 4X returns Effect of phosphorus on pod loads of three groundnut varieties (the bars represent LSD at, Pod yield responses of three groundnut genotypes to rhizobium inoculation (the bars represent LSD at, Influence of combined application of rhizobium inoculant and P fertilizer on pod yield of groundnut (bars represent LSD at, Varietal effect of groundnut on seed weight (the bars represent LSD at. Obolo had the highest seed weight of 85.8 g with the lowest weight of 44.2 g obtained from Samnut 22 (Figure 4). A combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and USDA 3456 to Samnut 22 produced the highest haulm yield of 6103 kg ha−1while the lowest yield of 1756 kg ha−1was obtained from the application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 to Oboshie (Table 5). The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 The United States is the third largest producer (2018), and exports about 20-25% of production. Similarly, farmers Abdul Haque, Lokman Hossain, and Saiduzzaman, of Char Biswanath village in Kawnia upazila of Rangpur said they have cultivated groundnut on more char lands this year to recoup the crop losses they incurred during recent floods. According to [5], P enhanced the efficiency of photosynthesis in plants and increased branch numbers and pods per plant thereby contributing to the yield of plants. This on-station experiment investigated nodulation and pod yield responses of three groundnut varieties, namely Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 to inoculation with rhizobium inoculants of exotic strains, namely Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense (BR 3267) and USDA 3456 in combination with 0 kg P ha−1, 15 kg P ha−1 and 30 kg P ha−1. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Uninoculated Samnut 22 with 30 kg P ha−1 application produced statistically the same number of nodules as inoculated Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). Just like maize, groundnut is an early season crop hence it must be grown at the onset of rains. The results obtained in this experiment further confirm the fact that rhizobium strains are host-specific as the groundnut varieties responded differently when they were inoculated with different rhizobium strains. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. The nodules were then carefully detached from the roots of the 10 plants with hand and dried in a forced-air oven at 60°C until a constant weight was obtained and this weight value was divided by 10 to get the nodule dry weight per plant. The crop is grown mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50% oil, 20–30% protein and contains vitamin B as well. China is not only the leading producer of peanuts but also the top consuming country. The northern area of Ghana is seen to produce more peanuts than any other region of the country. China is the world's leading producer of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41% of the total output. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. Please note that intelligence on global production published on Tridge are based on the statistical data provided by UN FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization. However, there was no significant () interaction of variety, phosphorus and rhizobium inoculants with respect to pod load. Peanut Consumption Charts The average productivity of groundnut in Asia is 1739 kg/ha. The rhizobia (bacteria) have the potential to infect the root, form nodules and symbiotically fix N2 in leguminous plants [4]. Here are some points to consider: 1. Gujarat: Groundnut production estimated to be higher this Kharif season According to the First Advance Estimate of the Gujarat government, groundnut production in the state is likely to remain 54.64 lakh tonnes (lt) this Kharif season. 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