But Carl is 60 years old. Example: A judge could grant a concurrent sentence if the convictions are all related to the same crime. York, York, Helping your child with contamination related concerns Visit the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review page to learn more. So, if the judge in the above example were to order that the sentences run concurrently, the defendant’s sentence would be three years—she would serve the two-year sentence simultaneously with the three-year sentence. But, in Virginia, when a defendant is convicted by a jury, the jury decides whether the sentences run concurrently, and Fields’ jury decided that his sentences should run consecutively, one after the other. Carl is a very bad man-- he shot and seriously injured a gas station attendant during the course of an armed robbery. ], YorkTalks 2021 It's very unusual to have the sentences run concurrently. Generally, sentences for offences that occur at separate occasions will be served consecutively. This can be because: multiple charges arise from multiple offences – for example, a series of breaking and entering offences might result in multiple charges of burglary and aggravated burglary. When a defendant's convictions are all connected, the judge may impose a concurrent sentence rather than a consecutive one. She has a Master's degree in History. It was expected that the more psychosocially mature adolescents would be less involved in the risky behavior of heavier drinking, both concurrently and longitudinally. study credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The final stage in the process is sometimes referred to as the sentencing phase or the penalty phase. The extra 400 years doesn’t limit the governor’s power. Other countries have very short sentences. Convicted criminals who can convince a judge to allow their sentences to run concurrently can avoid years in prison. In this lesson you will learn about sentencing, the difference between concurrent and consecutive sentences, and how concurrent sentences work. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Quiz & Worksheet - Concurrent Sentence in Criminology, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Types & Goals of Contemporary Criminal Sentencing, Traditional & Alternative Criminal Sentencing Options, Structured Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Types & Models, Indeterminate Criminal Sentencing: Definition, Purpose & Advantages, Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages, Arguments For and Against Capital Punishment, Sentencing Issues and Trends in the U.S. Justice System, What is Extradition? 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DOOM In Scotch law. § 19.2-308 When two or more sentences run concurrently § 19.2-308 When two or more sentences run concurrently When any person is convicted of two or more offenses, and sentenced to confinement, such sentences shall not run concurrently, unless expressly ordered by the court. However, it is extremely important that the correct scheme is used or a person could risk spending a much greater amount of time in prison than required by law. Norway sentenced Anders Breivik to 21 years, with the possibility of an extension, for his intentional murder of 77 people. However, some states have laws that provide when a judge can impose concurrent or consecutive sentencing. Create a chart, poster, or some other type of graphic organizer that explains the phases of the sentencing process, beginning with the start of a criminal trial. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Myles Allen, Kaya Axelsson, Sam Fankhauser & Steve Smith in conversation, The Large Hadron Collider and the Hidden Universe, a Virginia judge sentenced James Fields Jr. to a life sentence, The European Court of Human Rights has ruled, Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter. sentence for each one? Birmingham, Warwickshire, Online talk: Net zero – why and how? In that scenario, the jury must determine how the defendant should serve out his sentences. When a defendant has been convicted of two or more crimes, the judge must determine how the defendant must serve his sentences. You can test out of the Make sure that your essay also answers the following question: Why is a concurrent sentence more favorable for the defendant? In other words, the jury must decide whether the sentences should run consecutively or concurrently. The overall sentence will reflect everything that he or she has done. Consecutive sentences are served one after the other, for example a 6 month sentence followed by a 3 month sentence. 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Example: A concurrent sentence is more favorable because it allows the defendant to spend a shorter time in prison. A concurrent sentence is a term of imprisonment equal to the length of the longest sentence. Write an essay of approximately two to three paragraphs that describes why a judge might grant a defendant a concurrent sentence as opposed to a consecutive one. - Definition, Length & Statistics, What Is Capital Punishment? Services. When they run concurrently , the defendant serves them at the same time. Whether or not the courts will have discretion in sentencing, however, depends on … - Definitions, Laws & Rules, What Is Parole? If the court does not indicate whether sentences are concurrent or consecutive it is presumed concurrent. Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter. just create an account. imaginable degree, area of As a criminal justice scholar and formerly an attorney in state criminal courts, I see their purpose as entirely symbolic. Among western democratic countries, these kinds of impossible, centuries-long sentences are unusual, but U.S. courts are not alone in imposing them. Any prisoner’s sentence can be commuted by the governor, but that’s true regardless of how long it is. This is not so. Create an account to start this course today. A concurrent sentence is a term of imprisonment equal to the length of the longest sentence. - Definition, Laws & Example, Determinate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons, Indeterminate Sentencing: Definition, Pros & Cons, Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Types, Pros & Cons, Interstate Compact Agreement: Definition & Rules, Lethal Injection: Definition, History & Procedure, Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Laws, History, Pros & Cons, Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons, What Is a Life Sentence? A convicted Defendant or a Defendant who has pleaded guilty and is being sentenced under multiple charges can have the sentences be served concurrently or consecutively. Consecutive sentences. multiple charges arise from a single incident – for example, a bank robbery might result in charges of … A sentence could be the imposition of a fine or the requirement that the defendant serve a term of days, weeks, or years in a correctional facility, like a prison. Concurrent sentences. SUCCESSIVE SENTENCES When a judge sentences a convicted defendant to consecutive sentences. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} A concurrent sentence will be more favorable for a defendant who has been convicted of multiple crimes, because the total length of the sentence will be shorter than it would be if the sentences ran consecutively. When sentences run concurrently and when they run consecutively is an often misunderstood issue. Fields was convicted of several charges in addition to murder, so he got a separate sentence for each additional charge. Example: Upon recommendation from the jury, the judge ultimately decides the final sentence. 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