The symptoms include:
- Sudden numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
- Sudden vision changes.
- Sudden trouble speaking.
- Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.
- Sudden problems with walking or balance.
- Lack of control over the bladder or bowels
- In severe cases, loss of consciousness
The tests done to diagnose are:
- Blood tests: blood pressure test, blood clotting test, cholesterol test, glucose test
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Chest X-ray
- Computerised Tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan
Depending on the cause of your Transient Ischemic Attack, your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce the tendency for blood to clot. In selected cases, a procedure called carotid angioplasty, or stenting, is an option. The most commonly prescribed medicines for preventing a TIA are described below.
- Anti-platelet: Aspirin and dipyridamole, Clopidogrel
- Anti-coagulant medication: Warfarin
- Blood pressure medication
- Cholesterol medication
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