Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) (Mini Stroke)


The symptoms include:

  • Sudden numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
  • Sudden vision changes.
  • Sudden trouble speaking.
  • Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.
  • Sudden problems with walking or balance.
  • Lack of control over the bladder or bowels
  • In severe cases, loss of consciousness
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests done to diagnose are:

  • Blood tests: blood pressure test, blood clotting test, cholesterol test, glucose test 
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest X-ray
  • Arteriography
  • Computerised Tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan

Depending on the cause of your Transient Ischemic Attack, your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce the tendency for blood to clot. In selected cases, a procedure called carotid angioplasty, or stenting, is an option. The most commonly prescribed medicines for preventing a TIA are described below.

  • Anti-platelet: Aspirin and dipyridamole, Clopidogrel
  • Anti-coagulant medication: Warfarin
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Cholesterol medication

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