Tongue Abnormalities


Signs and symptoms of geographic tongue may include:

  • Smooth, red, irregularly shaped patches (lesions) on the top or side of your tongue
  • Frequent changes in the location, size and shape of lesions
  • Discomfort, pain or burning sensation in some cases, most often related to eating hot, spicy, salty or acidic foods
  • Many people with geographic tongue have no symptoms.

These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Tongue:

  • Tongue Pain
  • Tongue swelling
  • Bleeding
  • Ulcerations
  • White rash
  • Dysphagia

Geographic tongue can persist for months or years. The problem often resolves on its own but may appear again at a later time.

Tests to diagnose: 

Tongue examination is done.

During the exam, your dentist may:

  • A lighted instrument is used to examine tongue and mouth
  • Gently touch (palpate) the tongue to check for tenderness or unusual changes in the tongue's texture or consistency
  • Check for signs of infection, such as fever or swollen lymph nodes in the neck

Treatment includes:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers
  • Mouth rinses with an anesthetic
  • Antihistamine mouth rinses
  • Corticosteroid ointments or rinses