Skin cancer


The following explains the signs (what you see) and symptoms (what you feel) of the most common types of skin cancer.

  • Basal cell carcinoma may appear as: A pearly or waxy bump, a flat, flesh-colored or brown scar-like lesion, flat or sunken growth — feels hard, may be white or yellow
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: Hard (scaly or crusty) reddish bump, patch, or pearl-shaped growth, open sore that itches and bleeds; it can heal and return and scaly patch on the lip; skin on the lip can get thick
  • Melanoma: Melanoma skin cancer signs include new spots on the skin, or a change in size, shape or color of an existing mole. The ABCD rule is another way to recognize abnormal growths: A is for Asymmetry, B is for Border, C is for Color and D is for Diameter.
Tests to diagnose: 

Biopsy of the skin is done to diagnose skin cancer.


The treatments for skin cancer are immunotherapy, cryosurgery, chemotherapy applied to the skin, photodynamic therapy, radiation therapy, curettage and electrodesiccation, excision and mohs surgery

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