Sickle Cell Anemia


The symptoms include:

  • Abnormal swelling
  • Delayed growth
  • Pail skin
  • High fever
  • Frequent infection
  • Fatigue
  • Paleness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Painful joints
  • Ulcer in the lower leg
  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice)
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests to diagnose include:

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Hemoglobin electrophoresis
  • Sickle cell test

Treatment of sickle cell crisis includes:

  • Opioid pain medications (for example, morphine)
  • Anti-inflammatory medications (for example, ibuprofen)
  • Antibiotics for infection
  • Oxygen
  • Intravenous or oral fluids

People with sickle cell disease should have the following vaccinations to lower the risk of infection:

  • Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (Hib)
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)
  • Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV)

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