Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)


The symptoms include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever greater than 100.4 degrees F (38.0 degrees C)
  • Other breathing symptoms
  • Headache
  • Overall feeling of discomfort and body aches
  • Diarrhea
  • Dry cough (after 2-7 days)
Tests to diagnose: 

Tests used to diagnose SARS might include:

  • Arterial blood tests
  • Blood clotting tests
  • Blood chemistry tests
  • Chest x-ray or chest CT scan
  • Complete blood count (CBC)

Tests used to quickly identify the virus that causes SARS include:

  • Antibody tests for SARS
  • Direct isolation of the SARS virus
  • Rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for SARS virus
  • Oxygen, breathing support (mechanical ventilation), or chest therapy
  • Antibiotics to treat bacteria that cause pneumonia
  • Antiviral medications
  • High doses of steroids to reduce swelling in the lung

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