Scarlet fever usually follows a strep throat infection. It causes a high fever followed two days later by a rash of small red bumps that looks like a sunburn and feels like sandpaper. The rash begins on the chest and stomach and spreads to the rest of the body. It typically lasts between two and seven days.
After the rash has subsided, the rash site will begin to peel, along with the skin on the tips of the fingers and toes.
Other common symptoms of scarlet fever include:
- A red, sore throat with white and yellow patches
- Swollen tonsils
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swollen glands in the back of the neck
- A pale area of skin around lips
- A white tongue with red dots on the surface (strawberry tongue)
Diagnosis include throat observation, lymph node observation and throat swab are done.
Antibiotics are used for treatment. Over-the-counter medications like aspirin or ibuprofen can be used to control the fever.