Muscular Dystrophy


Symptoms of muscular dystrophy include:

  • Muscle weakness that begins in the hips, pelvis, and legs
  • Difficulty standing and sitting
  • Unsteady, waddling gait
  • Clumsiness, falling often, cannot walk independently
  • Larger-than-normal calves that are sometimes painful
  • Trouble breathing
  • Behavioral problems
  • Breathing problems that may eventually require the use of a ventilator
  • Muscle cramps when exercising
Tests to diagnose: 

A physical examination and your medical history will help the doctor determine the type of muscular dystrophy. A muscle biopsy may be used to confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, a DNA blood test may be all that is needed. Other tests may include:

  • Heart testing - electrocardiography (ECG)
  • Nerve testing - electromyography (EMG)
  • Blood testing - including CPK level
  • Genetic testing for some forms of muscular dystrophy

There are no known cures for muscular dystrophies.The goal of treatment is to control symptoms.Orthopedic appliances such as braces and wheelchairs can improve mobility and self-care abilities.Corticosteroids taken orally are sometimes prescribed to children to keep them walking for as long as possible.

For more information visit the following websites