The symptoms include intense headache, anxiety, stress, lack of food or sleep, exposure to light and hormonal changes (in women) and AURA (nervous system symptoms).
There is no specific test to diagnose migraines. However your doctor might ask you to go for an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan or a computerized scan (CT scan) if you never had migraine before. An Electroencephalography (EEG) may be needed to rule out seizures.
Apply pressure to the pulse points on the side of the forehead or neck to relieve the headache. There is no specific cure for migraine headaches. However medications can be prescribed to reduce the number of attacks. Antidepressants such as amitriptyline or venlafaxine, blood pressure medicines such as beta blockers (propanolol, metroprolol) or calcium channel blockers (verapamil), seizure medicines such as valproic acid, gabapentin, and topiramate are usually prescribed.
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