The symptoms include:

  • Hazy or blurred vision
  • The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
  • Severe eye and head pain
  • Nausea or vomiting (accompanying severe eye pain)
  • Sudden sight loss
Tests to diagnose: 

Several tests are preformed to diagnose glaucoma, including:


Name of Test

The inner eye pressure Tonometry
The shape and color of the optic nerve Ophthalmoscopy (dilated eye exam)
The complete field of vision Perimetry (visual field test)
The angle in the eye where the iris meets the cornea Gonioscopy
Thickness of the cornea Pachymetry



The most common treatments for glaucoma are eye drops and, rarely, pills.

Types of Medications

  • Alpha adrenergic agonists: apraclonidine (Iopidine®), brimonidine (Alphagan®)
  • Beta blockers: levobunolol (Betagan®), carteolol (Ocupress®)
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: dorzolamide (Trusopt®), brinzolamide (Azopt®)
  • Miotics (cholinergic agents): pilocarpine (Isopto Carpine®, Pilocar® and Pilopine HS® ointment), echothiophate (Phospholine Iodide®)
  • Prostaglandin analogs: latanoprost (Xalatan®), bimatoprost (Lumigan®)

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