Down syndrome


The symptoms include:

  • Flattened facial features
  • Small head
  • Short neck
  • Protruding tongue
  • Upward slanting eyes, unusual for the child's ethnic group
  • Unusually shaped or small ears
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm
  • Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet
  • Excessive flexibility
  • Tiny white spots on the colored part (iris) of the eye called Brushfield spots
  • Short height
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests include:

  • Screening tests can indicate the likelihood a mother is carrying a baby with Down syndrome
  • Diagnostic tests can identify whether your baby has Down syndrome
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound test
  • Cell-free fetal DNA analysis
  • Amniocentesis: A sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus is withdrawn through a needle inserted into the mother's uterus.
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS): In CVS, cells are taken from the placenta and used to analyze the fetal chromosomes.
  • Cordocentesis: In this test, also known as percutaneous umbilical blood sampling or PUBS, fetal blood is taken from a vein in the umbilical cord and examined for chromosomal defects.

There is no cure for Down syndrome. However, parents can provide early intervention and opportunities to help their child with Down syndrome succeed. Early intervention programs promote a child’s learning. They offer the best chance for success.

For more information visit the following websites