Cervical cancer


Earlier symptoms include back pain, bone pain or fractures, fatigue, leaking of urine or feces from the vagina, pelvic pain and single swollen leg. At later stages the symptoms are bleeding between normal periods (intermenstrual bleeding), bleeding after having sex (postcoital bleeding), vaginal discharge that smells unpleasant, any vaginal bleeding in women past the menopause.

Tests to diagnose: 

Colposcopy, computed tomography (CT) scan of the pelvis, cystoscopy,intravenous pyelogram (IVP) and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pelvis are the tests to diagnose cervical cancer.


Treatment depends on the stage of cervical cancer.

  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) -- uses electricity to remove abnormal tissue
  • Cryotherapy -- freezes abnormal cells
  • Laser therapy -- uses light to burn abnormal tissue
  • Hysterectomy - surgery to remove the uterus but not the ovaries and radiation therapy are used to treat cancer.

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