Breast Cancer


Breast cancer is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. The symptoms of breast cancer are lump of thickening in an area of breast in women aged 30 or over that would persist even after their next period, lump that appears in a women after menopause, change in the size or shape of the breast, change in the shape of the nipple, particularly if it turns in, sinks into the breast or becomes irregular in shape, blood stained discharge from the nipple and swelling or lump in the armpit

Tests to diagnose: 

Breast cancer can be diagnosed through Mammogram, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast, Breast ultrasound, Ductogram, Nipple discharge exam, Ductal lavage and nipple aspiration, Computed tomography (CT) scan and Positron emission tomography (PET) scan.


The treatment includes removing the breast cancer (lumpectomy), removing the entire breast (mastectomy), removing a limited number of lymph nodes (sentinel node biopsy), removing several lymph nodes (axillary lymph node dissection), and removing breast, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy and drugs are used.


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