The symptoms of depression include lowered self-esteem (or self-worth), changes in sleep patterns, that is, insomnia (inability to sleep), hypersomnia (excessive sleep) or broken sleep, changes in appetite or weight and inability to control emotions such as pessimism, anger, guilt, irritability and anxiety, Feelings of worthlessness, guilt, significant unintentional weight loss or gain, fixation on past failures or exaggerated self-blame or self-criticism, talk of suicide, Disruptive or risky behavior and Self-harm, such as cutting, burning, or excessive piercing or tattooing.
It can be diagnosed by psychological evaluation, and by testing whether a person meets the symptom criteria’s mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
Supportive care from a medical provider, Talk therapy, Psychotherapy, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are some of the most commonly prescribed antidepressants.
Current SSRIs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration include: citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil or Pexeva), and sertraline (Zoloft).
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