A mere mention of the term “root canal” is enough to send the chill down the strongest of spines. This treatment has got a bad rap purely for the kind of pain people associate with it. Contrary to popular perception, the treatment is not painful and in fact, it’s done to minimize the pain caused by tooth infection.
The purpose of root canal therapy – or endodontic therapy – is to remove infection from inside a toot and achieve protection against future infections. Since the treatment is done in the pulp of the tooth (which is known as root canal), this treatment is thus named so.
The treatment is very effective when it comes to removing nerves from the pulp of a tooth. Similarly, if this treatment is not done, one may have to get their infected or decayed or badly damaged tooth removed and replaced with a crown or a bridge, which can cost even more.
- A root canal is part of a tooth – the hollow section or the pulp containing the nerve tissue, blood vessels and other tissues and cells
- The pulp exists to nourish the tooth and the nerves inside them are the reason why any touch to hot and cold temperature can feel like pain
- The root canal procedure will be used to remove the damaged nerves and take away all the pain in the tooth
Who Needs Root Canal?
Root canal treatment becomes necessary in cases where the pulp has become infected or injured thereby repairing a tooth before actually having to go for extraction. The treatment is needed when the pulp is diseased as it can’t repair itself making the tissues to die.
- People who have a cracked tooth, a deep cavity or a loose filling will need RCT to stop bacteria from entering the pulp
- The bacteria can not only damage and destroy the pulp but may also enter into the root openings to cause infection in the bone
- Once the bone is infected, it can cause the ligaments around the tooth to swell, therefore making the tooth lose
- Any injury or damage to the pulp can make the tooth sensitive to hot or cold temperatures, causing pain when eating or chewing
- And if RCT is not done, the infection will spread to make the tooth loose which will only need extraction
You can clearly see how a root canal is needed to save the tooth from extraction. However, it’s not uncommon for patients to go for extraction to avoid pain, or in conditions where the tooth restoration is not possible at all or owing to some medical issues.
Well, opting for extraction in place of root canal means there will always be a risk of the surrounding teeth moving gradually and becoming crooked. This can lead to dental alignment concerns over time. That’s why a root canal is helpful as it can save the tooth through restoration.
Steps in The Root Canal Therapy
Root canal is a three-step therapy involving one to three sessions to complete. Once done, it can greatly relieve pain and also prevent the risk of premature tooth extraction.
Step 1 – Cleaning the root canal
In the first step, the dentist will take out everything that is inside the root canal. The patient is kept under local anesthesia and the dentist creates a small hole on the tooth surface to remove the dead and diseased pulp tissues.
Step 2 - Filling the root canal
In the next step, the dentist will clean and disinfect the area with solutions and then fill the tooth with a rubber-like material. The canals are sealed completely and once that happens it means the tooth is dead. This is how pain is removed as the nerve tissues that sense pain is taken out and infection is removed.
Step 3 - Adding a crown or filling
A crown or filling is essential post RCT as the tooth is more fragile than ever and having no pulp means it will need nourishment from the ligament attaching the tooth to the bone which is not a permanent solution. Some care with food choices is needed until a crown or filling is done. So, consult best dentist near me for total treatment for your oral problems of any nature.