Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Symptoms: 

The symptoms include:

  • Wanting to urinate more often and urgently, if only a few drops
  • Burning pain or a ‘scalding’ sensation when urinating
  • A feeling that the bladder is still full after urinating
  • Pain above the pubic bone
  • Blood in the urine
  • Urine that smells unusually unpleasant
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests include:

  • Urine test
  • Blood test
  • Computerized Tomography (CT scan) of urinary tract (urogram)
  • Cystoscopy
  • Ultrasound scan of kidney
Treatment: 

Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. Lower UTIs can be treated with oral antibiotics. Upper UTIs require intravenous antibiotics.

Drugs commonly recommended for simple UTIs include:

  • Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra, others)
  • Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Augmentin, others)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Furadantin, Macrodantin, others)
  • Ampicillin
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

 

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/site/scripts/documents_info.php?documentID=1777

http://www.cps.ca/documents/position/urinary-tract-infections-in-children