Signs and symptoms of active TB include:
- Cough with thick, cloudy, and sometimes bloody mucus from the lungs (sputum) for more than 2 weeks.
- Fever, chills, and night sweats.
- Fatigue and weakness.
- Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss.
- Shortness of breath and chest pain.
Several tests are used to diagnose tuberculosis (TB), depending on the type of TB suspected.
- The Mantoux test is a widely used test for latent TB
- A computerised tomography (CT) scan
- A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
- An ultrasound scan
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- A biopsy
Treatment for tuberculosis (TB) depends on which type you have, although a long course of antibiotics is most often used. The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include:
- Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
- Ethambutol (Myambutol)
A number of new drugs are being looked at as add-on therapy to the current drug-resistant combination treatment including:
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