Tuberculosis (TB)

Symptoms: 

Signs and symptoms of active TB include:

  • Cough with thick, cloudy, and sometimes bloody mucus from the lungs (sputum) for more than 2 weeks.
  • Fever, chills, and night sweats.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss.
  • Shortness of breath and chest pain.
Tests to diagnose: 

Several tests are used to diagnose tuberculosis (TB), depending on the type of TB suspected.

  • The Mantoux test is a widely used test for latent TB
  • A computerised tomography (CT) scan 
  • A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • An ultrasound scan
  • Blood tests 
  • Urine tests
  • A biopsy
Treatment: 

Treatment for tuberculosis (TB) depends on which type you have, although a long course of antibiotics is most often used. The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include:

  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
  • Ethambutol (Myambutol)
  • Pyrazinamide

A number of new drugs are being looked at as add-on therapy to the current drug-resistant combination treatment including:

  • Bedaquiline
  • Delamanid
  • PA-824
  • Linezolid
  • Sutezolid

For more details visit the following websites

http://www.tbcindia.nic.in/rntcp.html

http://www.tbfacts.org/tb-india.html

http://www.tbassnindia.org/

http://www.cdc.gov/features/tbsymptoms/