One of the main symptoms of all sleep problems is daytime sleepiness. Sometimes sleepiness will manifest in other ways, such as loss of memory or concentration problems. You may also feel irritable, depressed or a bit confused when you're sleep deprived.
A sleep study or polysomnogram (PSG) is a test that electronically transmits and records specific physical activities while you sleep is used for diagnosis.
- Sleep restriction - Time in bed is reduced to your estimated total sleep time (not less than five hours), then gradually increased as you sleep more.
- Relaxation techniques - These will involve biofeedback, meditation, muscle relaxation, imagery training, self-hypnosis, especially if you have anxiety about your insomnia.
- Stimulus control - Keeping the sleeping area dark, quiet at night and bright light during the day.
- Cognitive therapy - learning to have positive thoughts about sleep and bedtime
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