Precocious Puberty

Symptoms: 

Symptoms of precocious puberty in girls may include:

  • Development of breasts, pubic hair, and underarm hair
  • Ovary enlargement
  • Cysts on ovaries
  • Menstrual bleeding

Symptoms of precocious puberty in boys may include:

  • Growth of penis and testicles
  • Development of pubic and underarm hair
  • Muscle growth
  • Voice changes
  • Facial hair

Symptoms in both boys and girls include:

  • Body odor
  • Acne
  • Behavior changes
  • Growth spurt
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests for diagnosis are

  • X-ray
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Testicular ultrasound
  • MRI
Treatment: 

Treatment options include:

Medications

Different medications can be used to treat precocious puberty depending on the type. These medications stop or slow sexual development. They also halt the rapid bone growth and encourage normal growth.

Psychological Support

Developing before their peers may cause social challenges in some children. Psychological support may be helpful. Talk to your child's doctor about what options are available.

Treatment of Underlying Conditions   

If an underlying condition is the cause of precocious puberty, treatment will involve treating the specific medical problem.

Surgery   

Surgery may be needed if the early puberty is caused by a tumor or other lesions. The procedure will depend on the location and size of the tumor.

Ongoing Monitoring   

The doctor will continue to check your child’s height, weight, and sexual development. This will help to note any changes or show if the treatment has been effective.