The symptoms include stiff (rigidity) and aching muscles, slow and limited movement, weakness of face and throat muscles, difficulty with walking and balance, tremor, or shaking, often in a hand, arm, or leg, occurs when you're awake and sitting or standing still (resting tremor), and it gets better when you move that body part. Problems with urination, erectile dysfunction in men, dizziness, blurred vision or fainting, swallowing difficulties and dementia are the other symptoms seen.
No tests can conclusively show that you have Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will base a diagnosis on your symptoms, medical history and the results of some simple exercises.
There are many medications available to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s, although none yet that actually reverse the effects of the disease. Some of them are listed below
- Dopamine replacement therapy
- Dopamine agonists
- Amantadine (Symmetrel)
- Monamine oxidase (MAO) type B inhibitors
- Catechol-o-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitors
Surgery Techniques include:
- Pallidotomy/thalamotomy: destruction (lesioning) of very small specific areas of the brain
- Deep brain stimulation: electrode is implantion in the brain
- Foetal cell / stem cell therapy: Transplantation of healthy dopamine-forming cells into the damaged area of the brain
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