Muscular Dystrophy

Symptoms: 

Symptoms of muscular dystrophy include:

  • Muscle weakness that begins in the hips, pelvis, and legs
  • Difficulty standing and sitting
  • Unsteady, waddling gait
  • Clumsiness, falling often, cannot walk independently
  • Larger-than-normal calves that are sometimes painful
  • Trouble breathing
  • Behavioral problems
  • Breathing problems that may eventually require the use of a ventilator
  • Muscle cramps when exercising
Tests to diagnose: 

A physical examination and your medical history will help the doctor determine the type of muscular dystrophy. A muscle biopsy may be used to confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, a DNA blood test may be all that is needed. Other tests may include:

  • Heart testing - electrocardiography (ECG)
  • Nerve testing - electromyography (EMG)
  • Blood testing - including CPK level
  • Genetic testing for some forms of muscular dystrophy
Treatment: 

There are no known cures for muscular dystrophies.The goal of treatment is to control symptoms.Orthopedic appliances such as braces and wheelchairs can improve mobility and self-care abilities.Corticosteroids taken orally are sometimes prescribed to children to keep them walking for as long as possible.

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.mdsociety.org/about-us/muscular-dystrophy-society

http://www.mdindia.org/org_india.html