Leprosy

Symptoms: 

Leprosy symptoms are skin lesions that may be faded/discolored, growths on the skin, thick, stiff or dry skin, numbness on affected areas of the skin, muscle weakness or paralysis (especially in the hands and feet), eye problems that may lead to blindness, enlarged nerves (especially those around the elbow and knee),  nosebleeds, ulcers on the soles of feet.

Tests to diagnose: 

Skin lesion biopsy and skin scraping examination are the two tests used to diagnose leprosy.

Treatment: 

Few drugs used in the treatment are Dapsone, Rifampin, Clofazamine, Fluoroquinolones, Macrolides, Minocycline, Aspirin, Prednisone and Thalidomide.

 

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.who.int/lep/en/

http://www.who.int/lep/mdt/en/

http://nlep.nic.in/