Japanese encephalitis


Japanese encephalitis  is an infection spread by the bite of infected mosquitos. It can cause brain swelling and in some severe cases may result in coma.

  • Headache 
  • Confusion 
  • Fever 
  • Vomiting 
  • Difficulty in movement 
  • Nausea 
  • Changes in mental status 
  • Seizures (Especially in children)


Tests to diagnose: 
  • ELISA on the CSF is the most commonly used diagnostic test.

*ELISA- Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay
*CSF- Cerebro Spinal Fluid

  • Neutralizing antibody testing (confirmatory test)
  • There is no specific known treatment available for Japanese encephalitis. 
  • Management of the symptoms by the use of certain medications and vaccines is possible.