Incontinence (Involuntary loss of urine)


The main symptom of urinary incontinence is a problem controlling urination.

Symptoms of stress incontinence:

  • Involuntary release of urine, especially when you cough, sneeze, or laugh
  • Leaking a small to moderate amount of urine

Symptoms of urge incontinence:

  • Frequent and sudden uncontrollable need to urinate
  • May leak a moderate to large amount of urine, although a small amount is possible

It is common for a woman to have symptoms of both types of incontinence. This is called mixed incontinence.

Tests to diagnose: 

The tests done to diagnose include:

  • Genital exam in men
  • Pelvic exam in women
  • Rectal exam
  • Urinalysis
  • Bladder diary
  • Urodynamic testing 
  • Cystometry
  • Cystoscopy
  • Residual urine test

There are four types of treatment for stress incontinence:

  • Behavior changes
  • Medication : antispasmodics, estrogens  and alpha-blockers   
  • Pelvic floor muscle training
  • Surgery

For more information visit the following websites