The symptoms include big bruises, bleeding into muscles and joints, spontaneous bleeding (sudden bleeding inside the body for no clear reason), prolonged bleeding after getting a cut, removing a tooth, or having surgery and bleeding for a long time after an accident, especially after an injury to the head.
Prenatal testing and blood test are done to diagnose hemophilia.
The main treatment for hemophilia is called replacement therapy. Slow injection of concentrates of clotting factor VIII (for hemophilia A) or clotting factor IX (for hemophilia B) into the vein helps in treatment. Clot-preserving medications (antifibrinolytics), fibrin sealants, physical therapy and vaccinations are used in the treatment process.
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