Heart diseases

Symptoms: 

Sudden chest pain, chest pain (angina) and excessive, acute shortness of breath that is persistent. Symptoms that are caused by abnormal heartbeats (heart arrhythmias) are chest pain, fainting, light-headedness, dizziness, paleness, shortness of breath and sweating. Symptoms caused by heart defects are pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis), swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes and shortness of breath during feedings, leading to poor weight gain. Symptoms caused by thick heart muscle (cardiomyopathy) are shortness of breath or trouble breathing, especially with physical exertion, fatigue (tiredness), swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck. Symptoms caused by valvular heart disease are palpitations, chest pain (may be mild), fatigue, dizziness or fainting (with aortic stenosis), fever (with bacterial endocarditis) and rapid weight gain.

Tests to diagnose: 

Blood test, Chest X Ray, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Stress stressing, Echocardiogram, Cardiac Catheterization, Myocardial biopsy, Genetic testing, Coronary Angiogramy are the tests to diagnose heart problems.

Treatment: 

Electrical "shock" therapy (defibrillation or cardioversion), long-term antibiotic therapy, Antithrombotic (clot-preventing) medications, balloon dilatation (a surgical technique involving insertion into a blood vessel of a small balloon that is led via catheter to the narrowed site and then inflated), valve surgery, septal myectomy, heart transplant, implanting a short-term heart pacemaker, medications given through a vein (intravenous) or by mouth and cardiac ablation used to destroy areas in your heart that may be causing your heart rhythm problems are the some of the treatments used in case of heart problems.

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.heart.org/

http://www.heartcarefoundation.org/

http://indianheartassociation.org/