Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swollen gums
  • Soft, puffy gums
  • Receding gums
  • Occasionally, tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
  • A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red
  • Foul-smelling breath that does not go away after you brush your teeth
Tests to diagnose: 

Gingivitis is easily diagnosed by the appearance of the gums


The treatment includes:

To treat gingivitis you must practice proper oral hygiene. You should also cut back on any smoking and control your diabetes. Other treatment includes:

  • Cleaning Teeth
  • Scaling removes tartar from above and below the gum line.
  • Root planing smoothes rough spots and removes infected tooth parts.
  • Lasers may cause less pain and bleeding than scaling and root planing.
  • Antibiotic mouthwash containing chlorhexidine can be used to disinfect the mouth.
  • Time-release antiseptic chips containing chlorhexidine can be inserted into pockets after root planing.
  • Antibiotic microspheres made with minocycline can be inserted in pockets after scaling and planing.
  • Oral antibiotics can be used to treat persistent areas of gum inflammation.
  • Doxycycline, an antibiotic, can help keep enzymes from causing tooth damage.
  • Surgery
  • Flap surgery is a procedure where the gums are lifted back while plaque is removed. The gums are then sutured in place to fit snugly around the tooth.
  • Bone and tissue grafts can be used where the teeth and jaw are too damaged to heal.