Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:
- Swollen gums
- Soft, puffy gums
- Receding gums
- Occasionally, tender gums
- Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
- A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red
- Foul-smelling breath that does not go away after you brush your teeth
Gingivitis is easily diagnosed by the appearance of the gums
The treatment includes:
To treat gingivitis you must practice proper oral hygiene. You should also cut back on any smoking and control your diabetes. Other treatment includes:
- Cleaning Teeth
- Scaling removes tartar from above and below the gum line.
- Root planing smoothes rough spots and removes infected tooth parts.
- Lasers may cause less pain and bleeding than scaling and root planing.
- Antibiotic mouthwash containing chlorhexidine can be used to disinfect the mouth.
- Time-release antiseptic chips containing chlorhexidine can be inserted into pockets after root planing.
- Antibiotic microspheres made with minocycline can be inserted in pockets after scaling and planing.
- Oral antibiotics can be used to treat persistent areas of gum inflammation.
- Doxycycline, an antibiotic, can help keep enzymes from causing tooth damage.
- Flap surgery is a procedure where the gums are lifted back while plaque is removed. The gums are then sutured in place to fit snugly around the tooth.
- Bone and tissue grafts can be used where the teeth and jaw are too damaged to heal.