GERD (Acid Reflux)

Symptoms: 

GERD signs and symptoms include:

  • A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), sometimes spreading to your throat, along with a sour taste in your mouth
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Dry cough
  • Hoarseness or sore throat
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid (acid reflux)
  • Sensation of a lump in your throat
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests to diagnose include:

  • Endoscopy
  • X-Ray
  • Biopsy
Treatment: 

The treatment includes:

  • Antacids that neutralize stomach acid (Maalox, Mylanta, Gelusil, Gaviscon, Rolaids and Tums)
  • Medications to reduce acid production (cimetidine (Tagamet HB), famotidine (Pepcid AC), nizatidine (Axid AR) or ranitidine (Zantac))
  • Medications that block acid production and heal the esophagus ((Prevacid 24 HR) and omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid OTC))
  • Prescription-strength H-2-receptor blockers(cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), nizatidine (Axid) and ranitidine (Zantac))
  • Prescription-strength proton pump inhibitors (esomeprazole (Nexium), lansoprazole (Prevacid), omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid), pantoprazole (Protonix), rabeprazole (Aciphex) and dexlansoprazole (Dexilant))
  • Medications to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter (Baclofen)
  • Surgery to reinforce the lower esophageal sphincter (Nissen fundoplication)
  • Surgery to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter (Linx)

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.asge.org/patients/patients.aspx?id=8152

http://www.sts.org/patient-information/esophageal-surgery/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease