Enuresis (Bed Wetting)

Symptoms: 

Repeated voiding of urine into bed or clothes (whether involuntary or intentional).

Subtypes (according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - IV (DSM-IV))

  • Nocturnal only : passage of urine only during nighttime sleep
  • Diurnal only: passage of urine during waking hours.
  • Nocturnal and diurnal. A combination of the two subtypes described above
Tests to diagnose: 

A physical examination should be performed to rule out physical causes. Urine analysis will be done to rule out infection or diabetes. X-rays or other imaging tests of the kidneys or bladder, if the doctor suspects a structural problem with your child's urinary tract or another health concern

Treatment: 

A bedwetting alarm is triggered when the child passes the first few drops of urine and wakes him or her up.

Medications are another option for bedwetting. A prescription medication called DDAVP (desmopressin) is available to treat bedwetting. Other medications include Anticholinergics and Imipramine.