Down syndrome

Symptoms: 

The symptoms include:

  • Flattened facial features
  • Small head
  • Short neck
  • Protruding tongue
  • Upward slanting eyes, unusual for the child's ethnic group
  • Unusually shaped or small ears
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm
  • Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet
  • Excessive flexibility
  • Tiny white spots on the colored part (iris) of the eye called Brushfield spots
  • Short height
Tests to diagnose: 

The tests include:

  • Screening tests can indicate the likelihood a mother is carrying a baby with Down syndrome
  • Diagnostic tests can identify whether your baby has Down syndrome
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound test
  • Cell-free fetal DNA analysis
  • Amniocentesis: A sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus is withdrawn through a needle inserted into the mother's uterus.
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS): In CVS, cells are taken from the placenta and used to analyze the fetal chromosomes.
  • Cordocentesis: In this test, also known as percutaneous umbilical blood sampling or PUBS, fetal blood is taken from a vein in the umbilical cord and examined for chromosomal defects.
Treatment: 

There is no cure for Down syndrome. However, parents can provide early intervention and opportunities to help their child with Down syndrome succeed. Early intervention programs promote a child’s learning. They offer the best chance for success.

For more information visit the following websites

http://downsyndrome.in/

http://www.dscaindia.org/

http://podsindia.org/