Autism

Symptoms: 

The features of ASD that often develop in pre-school children are explained below:

Spoken language - delayed speech development (for example, not speaking at least 10 different words by the age of two), or not speaking at all, frequent repetition of set words and phrases, speech that sounds very monotonous or flat, preferring to communicate using single words, despite being able to speak in sentences.

Responding to others - not responding to their name being called, despite having normal hearing, rejecting cuddles initiated by a parent or career (although they may Initiate cuddles themselves), reacting unusually negatively when asked to do something by someone else

Interacting with others - not being aware of other people’s personal space, or being unusually intolerant of people entering their own personal space, little interest in interacting with other people, including children of a similar age, not enjoying situations that most children their age like, such as birthday parties, preferring to play alone, rather than asking others to play with them, rarely using gestures (such as pointing) or facial expressions when communicating, avoiding eye contact.

Behavior - having repetitive movements such as flapping their hands, rocking back and forth or flicking their fingers, playing with toys in a repetitive and unimaginative way, such as lining blocks up in order of size or color, rather than using them to build something, preferring to have a familiar routine, and getting extremely upset if there are changes to their normal routine, having a strong like or dislike of certain foods, based on the texture or color of the food as much as the taste.

Features of ASD that can develop in older children and teenagers are explained below.

Spoken language - preferring to avoid using spoken language, speech that sounds very monotonous or flat, speaking in pre-learned phrases, rather than putting together individual words to form new sentences, seeming to talk ‘at’ people, rather than sharing a two-way conversation

Responding to others - taking people’s speech literally and being unable to understand sarcasm, metaphors or figures of speech, reacting unusually negatively when asked to do something by someone else

Interacting with others - not being aware of other people’s personal space, or being unusually intolerant of people entering their own personal space, little interest in interacting with other people, including children of a similar age, or having few close friends despite attempts to form friendships, not understanding how people normally interact socially, such as greeting people or wishing them farewell, being unable to adapt the tone and content of their speech to different social situations, for example speaking very formally at a party and then speaking to total strangers in a familiar way, not enjoying situations and activities that most children their age like, rarely using gestures or facial expressions when communicating, avoiding eye contact

Behavior - having repetitive movements such as flapping their fingers, rocking back and forth or flicking their fingers, playing in a repetitive and unimaginative way, often preferring to play with objects rather than people, developing a highly specific interest in a particular subject or activity, preferring to have a familiar routine, and getting extremely upset if there are changes to their normal routine, having a strong like or dislike of certain foods, based on the texture or color of the food as much as the taste 

Tests to diagnose: 

Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult, since there is no medical test, like a blood test, to diagnose the disorders. Doctors look at the child’s behavior and development to make a diagnosis.

Treatment: 

The different types of treatments can generally be broken down into the following categories: Behavior and Communication Approaches, Dietary Approaches, Medication and Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Speech and language therapy, Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Makaton and Psychological therapy,

 

For more information visit the following websites

http://www.autismspeaks.org/

http://www.autism-society.org/

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